Special Education Abbreviation Index
The acronyms used in the laws that govern special education and in schools can be pretty confusing for people who don’t work in it daily. Here are just a few of the most commonly used abbreviations, though there are dozens more used in the law and decisions from the state department.
-IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. This is the federal law that dictates most of the regulations districts must follow to accommodate the needs of special education students. The complicated, 162-page statute was most recently updated in 2004.
-FAPE: Free Appropriate Public Education. What every district is charged to provide for every student, including accommodating disabilities.
-LD: Learning Disability. A general term that encompasses many specific types of learning problems, including 14 disability categories under IDEA.
-OHI: Other Health Impairment. One of the umbrella disability categories under IDEA, meaning “having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, [etc.] … and adversely affects a child’s educational performance,”
-IEP: Individualized Education Program. This refers to the plan schools are required to make to accommodate special needs students, and also includes measurable goals. IEP meetings are held between teachers, administrators, support staff and parents to agree on the IEP document.
-BIP: Behavior Intervention Plan. Similar to an IEP, a BIP seeks to identify issues, put in place supports to change the child’s behavior, and establish goals for improvement.
-PWN: Proper Written Notice. Families must be given timely, written notice of IEP and BIP meetings and any changes in those plans or their implementation, including evaluations or stopping or starting services.
TIMELINE OF EVENTS
>> Aug. 30, 2012: First complaint is filed, relating to eldest son at Williams Middle School during the 2011-2012 school year.
>> Nov. 5, 2012: SCDE finds Florence 1 noncompliant on first complaint, sets corrective actions.
>> April 29, 2013: Second complaint is filed, relating to younger son at North Vista Elementary during 2012-2013 school year.
>> July 1, 2013: SCDE finds Florence 1 noncompliant 17 times on second complaint and sets corrective actions.
>> July 23, 2013: Third complaint is filed, relating to failure to provide corrective action laid out in first complaint
>> Sept. 20, 2013: SCDE finds Florence 1 noncompliant 11 times on third complaint and sets corrective actions.
PRO Parent is the parent training and information center for South Carolina Call PRO Parent at 1-800-759-4776, 803-772-5688, visit proparents.org or email firstname.lastname@example.org.